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What Hoverboard is and how does it work?

Updated: Mar 5, 2021

What is a Hoverboard actually?

Remember when Marty McFly flew a piece of slate in the movie ‘Back to the Future II’? My best bet is, the idea of a hoverboard came from this concept. Unfortunately, today’s tech can’t reach that flying HOVERBOARD level. We are stuck on the wheel.

A hoverboard is actually a self-balancing two-wheeled board. Having a top speed of 10-12 mph and a range of 15 plus miles, it is a young gen sensation. Lot of Hollywood celebrities like Justine Bieber, Whiz Khalifa, Kendall Jenner showcased themselves with a hoverboard ride on their concerts. Although hoverboards will not let you fly, they are fun to use. What you have to do is to stand on the hoverboard and it’ll start moving. You’ll be able to control the hoverboard by your leg, feet and torso.

These electric rides will always stay upright by the help of Gyroscope and many other microprocessors. All combined will gather hundreds of information about the board’s tilt. Learning to ride a hoverboard is a little tricky at first just like learning to ride a bicycle. But once you get used to it, you’ll just love it.

Is Hoverboard actually a Hoverboard?

Let me give you an important clarification. You won’t be able to fly with a hoverboard. It moves. It moves with two wheels. The main reason hoverboards have become so sensational to the youth generation is that it runs on battery. Just like an electric scooter or electric kick scooters. That means they are environment friendly and they can perform and travel faster. They are also easier to learn and it gives more fun than a regular scooter.

Best Hoverboard

How does a Hoverboard work?

If you are a tech geek, then you’ll just love and enthusiast knowing the tech behind a hoverboard. You’ll love to know that, a hoverboard is always balancing and counter-balancing on its two wheels while at a reasonable speed. No handlebar needed for balancing or steering. You just can control everything with the parts of your legs. There are many components working together SIMULTANEOUSLY. Here I’m giving some introduction of a hoverboard’s basic components,


The wheels are attached to the motor as well as tilt and speed sensors. The speed sensor detects the RPM of each wheel and sends both wheel’s information to the Gyroscope and speed control boards as both of them are situated right next to the wheels. It equates turning angles are perfect every time.

Gyroscope and Speed control board

When the Gyroscope and speed control board receive the tilt and RPM information from the wheel, all the information are sent to the Logic board. The Gyroscope is responsible for the hoverboard to be upright on its own. After receiving the tilt data from the wheels it maintains the angle by sending the data to the logic board. When you stand your feet flat, the gyroscope light turns on. It sends the data to the logic board not to run the motor. As soon as the rider leans forward or backwards, the light turns off telling the motor to run according to the rider’s demand. Both the footpads have switches underneath that trigger an infrared LED light, which further triggers a sensor.

Logic Board

Logic board, it is the brain of every hoverboard. This is the place where the processor is placed. The processor computes in real-time. In real-time it computes the speed of the hoverboard, the tilt information, the status of the board, the RPM of each wheel.


Most of the hoverboards are equipped with +/-36V and +/-4500 mAH like Hoverboard Classic. It reduces frequent charging. The battery is attached under the board, safely.


Each of the two wheels has two independent motors. That means those two wheels can spin opposite to each other. This is why you can move in a circle with a hoverboard. A hoverboard will move in a straight line as long as you put some pressure on both footpads. An LED light will indicate that the course is straight. The indicating LED light will only turn off when one of the two footpad switches gets pushed by the body weight. If you want to turn left, you need to activate the right footpad switch so that right wheel can spin faster than the left wheel. If you want to turn right, you got to the opposite action. And if you lean forward, the motors will run faster as directed by the logic board. These simple concepts let you control the speed and direction of the hoverboard.

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